The simple answer is that, at least when it comes to exchange traded options, an option can't have a negative strike price.
Remember that an option gives the holder the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell an underlying security at a set price (strike price) before a set date in time. If the strike price were to be negative, it would mean that it would cost you a negative amount to buy or sell a security. If it was a call option on a stock with a strike price of -$5, it would mean that if you exercised the option you would receive $5 for each share you bought. This would mean that no matter what happened to the price of the underlying security, the option holder would exercise the option.
The strike price of an option should be related to the price of its underlying security. In most cases, the price of these securities can never be negative, so there is no reason to have an option with a negative strike price.
However, this doesn't necessarily mean that you couldn't have an option with a negative strike price. The reason for this is that an option is simply a contract between two parties. A contract is completely customizable and could even have an option with a negative strike price. (See also: Options Basics Tutorial.)
- After exercising a put option, can I still hold my option contract in order to sell it at a lower price?
- Are Stocks With Large Daily Volume Less Volatile?
- Are We In A Bull Market Or A Bear Market?
- Can a stock lose all its value? How would this affect a long or short position?
- Can a stop-loss order protect a short sale?